Resources
Bibiliography and Abstracts of RIAS Studies through 2014

Following are abstracts of RIAS studies, listed in alphabetical order by first author. Just click on a letter below to view the abstracts by the author's last name. Monographs and doctoral theses have their own page.

A     B     C     D     E     F     G     H     I     J     K     L     M     N     O     P     Q     R     S

T     U     V     W     X     Y     Z     Monographs & Theses

O

October TW, Hinds PS, Wang J, Dizon ZB, Cheng YI, Roter DL. Parent Satisfaction With Communication Is Associated With Physician's Patient-Centered Communication Patterns During Family Conferences. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Jun;17(6):490-7.
(Family Conferences, Patient Satisfaction, United States)
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between physician's patient-centered communication patterns and parental satisfaction during decision-making family conferences in the PICU. DESIGN: Single-site, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Forty-four-bed PICUs in a free-standing children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven English-speaking parents of 39 children who participated in an audiorecorded family conference with 11 critical care attending physicians. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Thirty-nine family conferences were audiorecorded. Sixty-seven of 77 (92%) eligible parents were enrolled. The conference recordings were coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System and a Roter Interaction Analysis System-based patient-centeredness score, which quantitatively evaluates the conversations for physician verbal dominance and discussion of psychosocial elements, such as a family's goals and preferences. Higher patient-centeredness scores reflect higher proportionate dialogue focused on psychosocial, lifestyle, and socioemotional topics relative to medically focused talk. Parents completed satisfaction surveys within 24 hours of the conference. Conferences averaged 45 minutes in length (SD, 19 min), during which the medical team contributed 73% of the dialogue compared with parental contribution of 27%. Physicians dominated the medical team, contributing 89% of the team contribution to the dialogue. The majority of physician speech was medically focused (79%). A patient-centeredness score more than 0.75 predicted parental satisfaction (β = 12.05; p < 0.0001), controlling for the length of conference, child severity of illness, parent race, and socioeconomic status. Parent satisfaction was negatively influenced by severity of illness of the patient (β = -4.34; p = 0.0003), controlling for previously mentioned factors in the model. CONCLUSIONS: Parent-physician interactions with more patient-centered elements, such as increased proportions of empathetic statements, question asking, and emotional talk, positively influence parent satisfaction despite the child's severity of illness.

Odone L, Mauri E, Vegni E, Moja EA. Breaking unexpected bad news: pilot study on communication style of physicians. [Article in Italian] Recenti Prog Med. 2005 Dec;96(12):594-8.
(Bad News Delivery, Standardized Patients, Italy)
The aim of this study was to explore the physician's communication pattern when breaking a bad unexpected news. 30 videotaped consultations (VRM) were collected in which the physicians met an actress as a patient. The doctors received the x-ray report in which an apical mass was detected before (condition A) or during (condition B) the consultation. The VRM were analysed through the Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS). Data suggested in condition B a significant decrease in "process", "counselling" and "emotional" categories. In consultation where a bad unexpected news is communicated doctors seem to be less directive in the content and more emotionally defended.

Ong LM, Visser MR, Kruiyver IP, Bensing JM, van den Brink-Muinen A, Stouthard JM, Lammes FB, deHaes JC. The Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS) in oncological consultations: psychometric properties. Psychooncology 1998 Sep-Oct;7(5):387-401.
(Oncology, Netherlands)
One of the most frequently used systems to analyse doctor-patient communication is the Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS). However, it has mostly been applied and evaluated in primary care settings. Two studies are presented in which the psychometric properties of the RIAS are investigated in an oncological setting. In the first study (N = 25) the feasibility, inter-rater reliability and content validity of the RIAS was investigated. In the second study, we evaluated the discriminant validity of the RIAS. Results of the first study showed that coding of tapes was more time consuming than indicated by the Roter manual. The inter-rater reliability proved to be high for both physician communication (0.68-1) and patient communication (0.60-1). The content validity proved to be acceptable: all utterances could be classified. However, coding dilemmas regarding affective communication occurred. The RIAS provided no option to classify communication of a third person present. Some communication categories were never or rarely used. Results of the second study indicate that the RIAS was able to discriminate between communicative behaviors in oncological consultations (N = 60) and three different GP-samples (random-GP sample N = 329, hypertension sample N = 103, gynaecology sample N = 65). To conclude, the psychometric properties of the RIAS are satisfactory in an oncological setting.

Ong LM, Visser MR, Lammes FB, de Haes JC. Doctor-patient communication and cancer patientsí quality of life and satisfaction. Patient Education and Counseling 2000;41: 145-156.
(Oncology, Netherlands)
In this study, the relationship between (a) doctors' and patients' communication and (b) doctors' patient-centredness during the oncological consultation and patients' quality of life and satisfaction was examined. Consultations of 96 consecutive cancer patients were recorded and content-analysed by means of the Roter Interaction Analysis System. Data collection (mailed questionnaires) took place after 1 week and after 3 months. Oncologists' behaviours were unrelated to patients' quality of life. Their socio-emotional behaviours related to both patients' visit-specific and global satisfaction. Patients' behaviours related to both patient outcomes although mostly to satisfaction. Multiple regression analyses showed that patients' quality of life and satisfaction were most clearly predicted by the affective quality of the consultation. Surprisingly, oncologists' patient-centredness was negatively related to patients' global satisfaction after 3 months. In summary, doctor-patient communication during the oncological consultation is related to patients' quality of life and satisfaction. The affective quality of the consultation seems to be the most important factor in determining these outcomes.

Ong LM, Visser MR, van Zuuren FJ, Rietbroek RC, Lammes FB, de Haes JC. Cancer patientsí coping styles and doctor-patient communication. Psychooncology 1999 Mar-Apr;8(2):155-66.
(Oncology, Netherlands)
Monitoring and blunting styles have become relevant concepts regarding their potential impact on patients' and doctors' behaviors. The present study aimed at investigating the relation between cancer patients' coping styles and doctor-patient communication and global affect. Coping styles were assessed by means of the Threatening Medical Situations Inventory (TMSI). Since a shortened version of the TMSI was used, the validity of this instrument was also evaluated. First, it was examined whether the two factor structure of the original TMSI could be confirmed in our version. Then, the relation between coping style and patients' preferences for information and participation in decision-making was evaluated. Second, the relation between monitoring and blunting and patients' age, sex, education, quality of life and prognosis was investigated. Finally, the relation between patients' coping styles and communicative behaviors and global affect of both patients and physicians during the initial oncological consultation was examined. Patients (N = 123) visited their gynaecologist or medical oncologist for an initial discussion of possible treatment. Patients' coping styles, socio-demographics, preference for information and participation in decision-making, quality of life and prognosis were assessed by postal questionnaire prior to the visit to the outpatient clinic. The consultation was audiotaped and analysed according to Roter's Interaction Analysis System, to identify instrumental and affective communicative behaviors of both patients and physicians. The two factor structure of the TMSI could be confirmed. A monitoring style was related to a preference for detailed information (r = 0.23) and participation in medical decision-making (r = 0.23). A monitoring style was also related to patient question-asking (r = 0.25) and patient dominance (r = 0.23). To conclude, the validity of the shortened TMSI is satisfactory. Also, cancer patients' coping styles are not related to other personal and disease characteristics. Further, a monitoring style seems to have an impact on patients' question-asking and dominance during the oncological consultation.

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